The salt of the earth


What’s the meaning of the phrase ‘The salt of the earth’?

People who are described as ‘the salt of the earth’ are those who are considered to be of great worth and reliability.

What’s the origin of the phrase ‘The salt of the earth’?

The phrase ‘the salt of the earth’ derives from the Bible, Matthew 5:13 (King James Version):

Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be salted? It is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under foot of men.

The positivity towards salt in this phrase conflicts with many other uses of the word salt, which has also been used express negative concepts; for example, in the Middle Ages, salt was spread on land to poison it, as a punishment to landowners who had transgressed against society in some way.

It seems that the ‘excellent’ meaning in ‘the salt of the earth’ was coined in reference to the value of salt. This is reflected in other old phrases too, for example, the aristocratic and powerful of the earth were ‘above the salt‘ and valued workers were ‘worth their salt‘.

‘The salt of the earth’ was first published in English in Chaucer’s Summoner’s Tale, circa 1386, although Chaucer undoubtedly took his lead from Latin versions of the Bible:

Ye been the salt of the erthe and the savour.

Trend of the salt of the earth in printed material over time

Gary Martin is a writer and researcher on the origins of phrases and the creator of the Phrase Finder website. Over the past 26 years more than 700 million of his pages have been downloaded by readers. He is one of the most popular and trusted sources of information on phrases and idioms.

Gary Martin

Writer and researcher on the origins of phrases and the creator of the Phrase Finder website. Over the past 26 years more than 700 million of his pages have been downloaded by readers. He is one of the most popular and trusted sources of information on phrases and idioms.