Put a damper on
What's the meaning of the phrase 'Put a damper on'?
Make dishearted, especially to diminish interest in something that was previously exciting.
What's the origin of the phrase 'Put a damper on'?
'Putting a damper on' something would seem to have a clear relation with damping down a fire, that is, putting water on it to dowse it. A damper isn't a material object but just 'something that depresses the spirits. The word is used in that way in Samuel Richardson's Clarissa; or the history of a young lady, 1747–48
"I very early discharged shame, that cold water damper to an enterprising spirit."
It was also the name of a snack taken to diminish the appetite, as in Maria Edgewiorth's Popular Tales, 1804:
"In the kitchen, taking his snack by way of a damper."
The figurative use of the phrase doesn't appear in print until the mid-19th century. This is from J. F. Murray's World of London, 1843:
"If the clerk of the weather office is determined to put a damper on the festivities."
See also, put the mockers on.