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The meaning and origin of the expression: Last but not least

Last but not least

What's the meaning of the phrase 'Last but not least'?

An introduction, often on stage, indicating that the person announced last is no less important than those introduced earlier.

What's the origin of the phrase 'Last but not least'?

We know 'last but not least' best from its use in the theatre. In Variety theatre especially it was a commonplace part of introductions and that usage was presumably encouraged by the fact that the star turn invariably came on last. The origin of last but not least is uncertain - the first reference to it that I can find in print is from John Lyly's Euphues and His England, 1580.

I have heard oftentimes that in love there are three things for to be used: if time serve, violence, if wealth be great, gold, if necessity compel, sorcery. But of these three but one can stand me in stead - the last, but not the least'; which is able to work the minds of all women like wax

The idea, if not the actual phrase, may have been inspired the Bible, where a similar thought is expressed - in Matthew 19:30 (John Wyclif's version ), 1382, we find:

But manye schulen be, the firste the laste, and the laste the firste.

Shakespeare later used a version of the phrase in King Lear, 1605:

To thee and thine hereditary ever
Remain this ample third of our fair kingdom;
No less in space, validity, and pleasure,
Than that conferr'd on Goneril. Now, our joy,
Although the last, not least; to whose young love
The vines of France and milk of Burgundy
Strive to be interess'd; what can you say to draw
A third more opulent than your sisters? Speak.

Gary Martin - the author of the website.

By Gary Martin

Gary Martin is a writer and researcher on the origins of phrases and the creator of the Phrase Finder website. Over the past 26 years more than 700 million of his pages have been downloaded by readers. He is one of the most popular and trusted sources of information on phrases and idioms.

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