Posted by Victoria S Dennis on July 04, 2006
In Reply to: "By The Book" posted by ESC on July 03, 2006
: : I just wanted to contact you about the phrase "By The Book".
: : I believed that it was used earlier than the 1800's- In Shakespeare's "Romeo and Juliet", Juliet tells Romeo that he kisses "By The Book"- could this possibly be the real origin of the saying?
: At least one reference -- The Dictionary of Cliches by John Rogers -- agrees with you. That "by the book" meaning "strictly according to the rules" was first used in this play.
: But I don't know what Juliet means. Is she using the phrase to mean the above? Scholars?
: [To JULIET] If I profane with my unworthiest hand
: This holy shrine, the gentle fine is this:
: My lips, two blushing pilgrims, ready stand
: To smooth that rough touch with a tender kiss.
: Good pilgrim, you do wrong your hand too much,
: Which mannerly devotion shows in this;
: For saints have hands that pilgrims' hands do touch,
: And palm to palm is holy palmers' kiss.
: Have not saints lips, and holy palmers too?
: Ay, pilgrim, lips that they must use in prayer.
: O, then, dear saint, let lips do what hands do;
: They pray, grant thou, lest faith turn to despair.
: Saints do not move, though grant for prayers' sake.
: Then move not, while my prayer's effect I take.
: Thus from my lips, by yours, my sin is purged.
: Then have my lips the sin that they have took.
: Sin from thy lips? O trespass sweetly urged!
: Give me my sin again.
: You kiss by the book.
: Madam, your mother craves a word with you.
- Shakespeare also used the phrase in Hamlet. Hamlet asks if the grave being dug is for a man or a woman, and is told "no" to both. The gravedigger then says it is for "one who *was* a woman, but...she's dead". Hamlet then remarks to his friend Horatio, "I see we must speak by the book, or equivocation will undo us".