Hard and fast
What's the meaning of the phrase 'Hard and fast'?
Rigidly adhered to - without doubt or debate.
What's the origin of the phrase 'Hard and fast'?
This is a nautical term. A ship that was hard and fast was simply one that was firmly beached on land.
The term must have been well-known by the early 19th century as it was use in a figurative sense then; for example, The [London] Times, January 1820:
"She was laid before the fire, at about a yard distance, and was hard and fast asleep."
The Sailor's Word-Book: an alphabetical digest of nautical terms, William Henry Smyth's 1867 nautical dictionary, defines the term:
"Hard and fast. Said of a ship on shore."
See also - chock-a-block.
See other Nautical Phrases.