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The meaning and origin of the expression: God is dead

God is dead

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What's the origin of the phrase 'God is dead'?

This quotation is widely attributed to Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900), who wrote in Die Frohliche Wissenschaft, 1882:

"God is dead: but considering the state the species Man is in, there will perhaps be caves, for ages yet, in which his shadow will be shown."

The meaning and origin of the phrase 'God is dead'.Nietzsche [part man, part moustache] had some help in forming that thought. In 1854, Gérard de Nerval (the nom-de-plume of the French poet and translator Gérard Labrunie), wrote, in his Le Chiméres:

"Dieu est mort! le ciel est vide - Pleurez! enfants, vous n'avez plus de pére" (God is dead! Heaven is empty - Weep, children, you no longer have a father)

This earlier version of God is dead was itself a summary of Jean Paul's Blumen-Frucht-und-Dormstucke, 1976 - in which God's children are referred to as 'orphans'.

In The Republic, Plato wrote:

"Behold! human beings living in underground den ... like ourselves ... they see only their own shadows, or the shadows of one another, which the fire throws on the opposite wall of the cave."

Nietzsche's version appears to have been assembled from the pieces by de Nerval and Plato.

Gary Martin - the author of the website.

By Gary Martin

Gary Martin is a writer and researcher on the origins of phrases and the creator of the Phrase Finder website. Over the past 26 years more than 700 million of his pages have been downloaded by readers. He is one of the most popular and trusted sources of information on phrases and idioms.

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