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Dutch Courage

Posted by RRC on April 11, 2008 at 05:10:

In Reply to: Dutch Courage posted by Smokey Stover on April 11, 2008 at 03:39:

: : : On the subject of the term "Dutch Courage" We were informed by the commentary on a boat going up the Thames to Greenwich a couple of years ago, that the term referred to the times of the Plague when London was virtually isolated from the rest of the country as people were afraid to go there. The only people willing to go there and deliver goods to the beleaguered City were the Dutch Trading vessels and hence the Phrase.

: : That's just one of the several theories. The word 'Dutch' has been associated with many other phrases and all these seem to come from the time of the 17th century when the Dutch were hated military and commercial rivals of the English. Examples include Dutch reckoning, a bill that is presented without any details, and which only gets bigger if you question it, and a Dutch widow, a prostitute. In the same spirit are Dutch auction, one in which the prices go down instead of up; Dutch metal, an alloy of copper and zinc used as a substitute for gold foil; Dutch comfort or Dutch consolation, in which somebody might say "thank God it is no worse!"; Dutch concert, in which each musician plays a different tune; Dutch uncle, someone who criticises or rebukes you with the frankness of a relative; and Dutch treat, one in which those invited pay for themselves.
: : These sayings have persisted in English, certainly British English, even though our relationship with the Dutch is now vastly different from the 17thC.

: Relations with Holland cannot always have been so terrible if the so-called "Glorious Revolution" was one which put a Dutchman (William of Nassau) on the English throne. The Oxford English Dictionary gives a long list of words prefixed by "Dutch" used by English-speakers. It also gives a couple of examples of the use of the phrase "Dutch courage."

: "1826 SCOTT Woodst. xii, Laying in a store of what is called Dutch Courage. . . 1873 H. SPENCER Stud. Sociol. viii. 188 A dose of brandy, by stimulating the circulation, produces 'Dutch courage'."

James II was William III's uncle and father-in-law (his mother's brother and his wife's father). James II's only son was a newborn baby at the time and in the process, James II's oldest daughter became Queen while his nephew became King.