phrases, sayings, proverbs and idioms at
Home button Home | Search the website Search | Phrase Dictionary | Flash in the pan

The meaning and origin of the expression: Flash in the pan

Flash in the pan

What's the meaning of the phrase 'Flash in the pan'?

Something which disappoints by failing to deliver anything of value, despite a showy beginning.

What's the origin of the phrase 'Flash in the pan'?

There's reason to believe that this phrase derives from the Californian Gold Rush of the mid 19th century. Prospectors who panned for gold supposedly became excited when they saw something glint in the pan, only to have their hopes dashed when it proved not to be gold but a mere 'flash in the pan'. This is an attractive and plausible notion, in part because it ties in with another phrase related to disappointment - 'it didn't pan out'. 'Panning out' can be traced to US prospectors and was used in that context by the early 20th century; for example, Paul Haworth's Trailmakers of the Northwest, 1921:

"The Colonel had told them that a cubic foot of gravel would pan out twenty dollars in gold."

Flash in the panNevertheless, gold prospecting isn't the origin of 'a flash in the pan'. The phrase did have a literal meaning, that is, it derives from a real flash in a real pan, but not a prospector's pan. Flintlock muskets used to have small pans to hold charges of gunpowder. An attempt to fire the musket in which the gunpowder flared up without a bullet being fired was a 'flash in the pan'.

The term has been known since the late 17th century. Elkanah Settle, in Reflections on several of Mr. Dryden's plays 1687, had this to say:

"If Cannons were so well bred in his Metaphor as only to flash in the Pan, I dare lay an even wager that Mr. Dryden durst venture to Sea."

See also - lock, stock and barrel and fight fire with fire.

Gary Martin - the author of the website.

By Gary Martin

Gary Martin is a writer and researcher on the origins of phrases and the creator of the Phrase Finder website. Over the past 26 years more than 700 million of his pages have been downloaded by readers. He is one of the most popular and trusted sources of information on phrases and idioms.

Browse phrases beginning with:
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T UV W XYZ Full List