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Eponyms

Eponyms are words and phrases that originate from a person's name. Here's a select list.

Alice in Wonderland
Alice Liddell (1852 - 1934)

Alzheimer's Disease
Alois Alzheimer (1864 - 1915), German neuropathologist and psychiatrist

Anderson shelter
John Anderson, 1st Viscount Waverley (1882 - 1958), British politician

Apple charlotte
Princess Charlotte (1796 - 1817), daughter of King George IV of England

Appleton layer
Sir Edward Appleton (1892 - 1963), British physicist

Archimedes' screw
Archimedes (circa 287 - circa 212BC), Greek mathematician and scientist

Atkins' diet
Robert Atkins (1930 - 2003), American nutritionist

Baffin Bay/Island
William Baffin (circa 1584 - 1622), English navigator

Bailey bridge
Sir Donald Bailey (1901 - 85), English engineer

Barbie doll
Barbara Handler, daughter of the doll's creator Ruth Handler.

Bartlett pear
Enoch Bartlett (1779 - 1860), American merchant

Baskerville type
John Baskerville (1706 - 75), English printer

Béchamel sauce
Marquis Louis de Béchamel (died 1703), steward of Louis XIV of France

Beef Stroganoff
Count Pavel Alexandrovich Stroganoff (1772 - 1817), Russian diplomat

Belisha beacon
1st Baron (Isaac) Leslie Hore-Belisha (1893 - 1957), British politician

Bessemer process
Sir Henry Bessemer (1813 - 98), British engineer

Boolean logic
George Boole (1815 - 64), English mathematician

Bowie knife
James Bowie (1799 - 1836), American soldier and adventurer

Bowler hat
William Bowler (1808 - 1878)

Boyle's law
Robert Boyle (1627 - 91), British physicist and chemist

Bramley apple
Matthew Bramley, 19th century English butcher

Bunsen burner
Robert Wilhelm Bunsen (1811 - 99), German chemist

Burnham scale
Harry Lawson, 1st Viscount Burnham (1862 - 1933), English statesman

Caesarean section
Gaius Julius Caesar, Roman emperor

Caesar salad
Caesar Cardini, Mexican restaurateur

Catherine wheel
St Catherine of Alexandria, Christian martyr

Cox's Orange Pippin
Richard Cox (1766 – 1845), English horticulturalist

Crohn's Disease
Burrill Bernard Crohn (1884 - 1983), American gastroenterologist

Davis Cup
Dwight Filley Davis (1879 - 1945), American statesman and sportsman

Davy lamp
Sir Humphry Davy (1778 - 1829), British chemist

Doberman Pinscher
Ludwig Dobermann, 19th century German dog breeder

Doppler effect
Christian Johann Doppler (1803 - 53), Austrian physicist

Douglas fir
David Douglas (1798 - 1834), Scottish botanist

Dow-Jones index
Charles Henry Dow (1851 - 1902) and Edward D. Jones (1856 - 1920), American financial statisticians

Downing Street
Sir George Downing (1623 - 84), English statesman

Down's syndrome
John Langdon-Down (1828 - 96), English physician

Eggs Benedict
Commodore E. C. Benedict (1834 - 1920), American banker and yachtsman

Eiffel Tower
Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832 - 1923), French engineer

Elgin Marbles
Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin (1766 - 1841), British ambassador

Eustachian tube
Bartolommeo Eustachio (1524 - 74), Greek philosopher

Falkland Islands
Lucius Cary, 2nd Viscount Falkland (circa 1610 - 43), English secretary of state

Fallopian tube
Gabriel Fallopius (1523 - 62), Italian anatomist

Fibonacci Numbers
Leonardo Pisano Fibonacci (1170 - 1250), Italian mathematician

Fosbury Flop
Dick Fosbury (born 1947), American athlete

Freudian slip
Sigmund Freud (1856 - 1939), Austrian psychiatrist

Gallup poll
George Horace Gallup (1901 - 84), American statistician

Garibaldi biscuit
Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807 - 82), Italian patriot and soldier

Gatling gun
Richard Jordan Gatling (1818 - 1903), American inventor

Geiger counter
Hans Geiger (1882 - 1945), German physicist

Gladstone bag
William Ewart Gladstone (1809 - 98), British statesman and prime minister

Gordon Bennett!
Gordon Bennet (1841 - 1918), American newspaper proprietor

Granny Smith apple
Maria Ann Smith (died 1870), Australian gardener

Gregorian chant
Pope Gregory I (circa AD540 - 604)

Hadrian's Wall
Hadrian (AD76 - 138), Roman emperor

Halley's comet
Edmund Halley (1656 - 1742), British astronomer

Hansom cab
Joseph Aloysius Hansom (1803 - 82), English architect

Heath Robinson
William Heath Robinson (1872 - 1944), English artist

Heaviside layer
Oliver Heaviside (1850 - 1925), English physicist

Heimlich Manoeuvre
Dr Henry Heimlich (born 1920), American physician

Heisenberg's Uncertainty principle
Werner Heisenberg (1901 - 1976), German physicist

Hippocratic oath
Hippocrates (circa 460 - circa 377BC), Greek physician

Hobson's choice
Thomas Hobson (1544 - 1631), English liveryman

Hodgkin's disease
Thomas Hodgkin (1798 - 1866), English physician

Hooke's law
Robert Hooke (1635–1703), English natural philosopher

Huntingdon's chorea
George S. Huntingdon (1851 - 1916), American neurologist

Jack Russell terrier
John (Jack) Russell (1795 - 1883), English clergyman

Jacquard loom
Joseph Marie Jacquard (1752 - 1834), French weaver and inventor

Joule's law
James Joule (1818 - 1889), English physicist

Lobster Newburg
Ben Wenberg, West Indies ship captain

Lonsdale belt
Hugh Cecil Lowther, 5th Earl of Lonsdale (1857 - 1944), English sportsman

Macadamia nut
John Macadam (1827 - 65), Australian scientist

Mach number
Ernst Mach (1838 - 1916), Austrian physicist and philosopher

Mae West
Mae West (1892 - 1980), American actress

Maginot line
André Maginot (1877 - 1932), French WWII minister of war

mansard roof
François Mansart (1598 - 1666), French classical architect

Melba toast
Dame Nellie Melba (1861 - 1931), Australian soprano

Mercator projection
Gerardus Mercator (original name Gerhard Kremer; 1512 - 94), Flemish geographer

Mickey Finn
Mickey Finn, Chicago saloon-keeper at the end of the 19th century

Möbius strip
August Ferdinand Möbius (1780 - 1868), German mathematician

Molotov cocktail
Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov (1890 - 1986), Soviet statesman

Montezuma's revenge
Montezuma II (1480 - 1520), ruler of the Aztec Empire of Mexico

Moog synthesiser
Robert Arthur Moog (born 1934), American physicist, engineer and electrician

Morse code
Samuel Finley Breese Morse (1791 - 1872), American artist and inventor

Mount Everest
Sir George Everest (1790 - 1866), English surveyor-general of India

Murphy's law
Edward Murphy (1918 - 1990), American engineer

Namby-pamby
Nickname of Ambrose Philips (1674 - 1749), English poet

Napoleonic
Napoleon Bonaparte (1769 - 1821), French emperor

Nissen hut
Lieutenant Colonel Peter Norman Nissen (1871 - 1930), British mining engineer

Nobel prize
Alfred Bernhard Nobel (1833 - 96), Swedish chemist, manufacturer and philanthropist

Nosey parker
Matthew Parker (1504 - 75), Anglican churchman

Ockham's razor
William of Ockham (circa 1285 - 1349), English philosopher and Franciscan

Oedipus complex
Oedipus, character in Greek mythology

Ohm's law
Georg Simon Ohm (1789–1854) German physicist

Pandora's box
Pandora ('all gifts'), in Greek mythology, the first woman

Parkinson's disease
James Parkinson (1755 - 1824), English physician

Parkinson's law
Northcote Parkinson (1909–1993), English naval historian

Peach Melba
Dame Nellie Melba (1861 - 1931), Australian soprano

Peter principle
Dr Laurence J. Peter (born 1919), Canadian educator

Planck's constant
Max K. E. L. Planck (1858 - 1947), German physicist

Plimsoll line
Samuel Plimsoll (1824 - 98), English shipping reform leader

Ponzi Scheme
Carlo Ponzi (1882 - 1949), Italian-born American swindler

Pre-Raphaelite
Raphael (original name Raffaello Santi; 1483 - 1520), Italian painter

Pulitzer prize
Joseph Pulitzer (1847 - 1911), Hungarian-born US newspaper publisher

Pyrrhic victory
Pyrrhus (circa 318 - 272 BC), king of Epirus

Pythagoras' theorem
Pythagoras (circa 570 - 495 BC), Greek mathematician

Queensberry rules
John Sholto Douglas, 8th Marquess of Queensberry (1844 - 1900)

Rhesus monkey
Rhesus, king of Thrace, in Greek mythology

Richter scale
Charles Richter (1900 - 85), American seismologist

Rolls-Royce
Charles Stewart Rolls (1877 - 1910) and Sir Frederick Henry Royce (1836 - 1933), English car manufacturers

Teddy bear
Theodore Roosevelt (1858 - 1919), American president

Teddy boy
Edward VII (1841 - 1910), English king

Tommy gun
John Taliaferro Thompson (1860 - 1940), American army general

Venn diagram
John Venn (1834 - 1923), English mathematician and logician

Wellington boot
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (1769 - 1852), British soldier and statesman

Wendy house
Wendy, girl in the play Peter Pan by Sir James Matthew Barrie (1860 - 1937)