In Reply to: Cold as a wedge posted by Dan on February 22, 2009 at 08:26:
: Looking for the origin or meaning of the phrase "Cold as a wedge".
The phrase is currently used for almost all the many meanings of the word "cold": e.g. chilly, unfeeling, unconscious, dead. The earliest usages seem to be the last two:
"He knocked her down as cold as a wedge, and had her cuts fixed up ......" from The Indian War of 1864, by Eugene Ware (http://www.kancoll.org/books/ware/ew_appa.htm) and
"But, thank this rebellion ! these resolutions are now "cold as a wedge" - "dead as a mackerel." " from "Address of Hon. Joseph Segar, on the war" - (http://www.archive.org/stream/addressofhonjose00sega/addressofhonjose00sega_djvu.txt).
The "dead" usage takes us to one of America's most famous writers, Mark Twain. In Tom Sawyer (Ch. 9) he has:
"Why, you two was scuffling, and he fetched you one with the headboard and you fell flat; and then up you come, all reeling and staggering like, and snatched the knife and jammed it into him, just as he fetched you another awful clip - and here you've laid, as dead as a wedge til now." (http://www.literature.org/authors/twain-mark/the-adventures-of-tom-sawyer/chapter-09.html). Twain didn't invent the phrase, however. A letter from a serving Confederate soldier to his father (in 1863) had: "When a Yank would show himself someone would draw a bead on him and he would fall dead as a wedge." (http://www.brandystationfoundation.com/pages/letter1.htm).
So, even if we assume that "dead as a wedge" came first, why a wedge? Well, in "Coming Through - Voices of a South Carolina Gullah Community" - from interviews collected in 1936 - we have this explanation:
"What's the deadest thing? 'Dead as a wedge.' ... If it has any life in it'll sho be dead. So many hard licks would knock it out!" (http://books.google.com/books?id=qSmhbNuXMnAC&pg=PA255&dq=%22dead+as+a+wedge%22&ei=pQlWSZ-7CJbyMtix2asP). This refers to wedges used to split logs. It's the best explanation I've found - there may be better ones.
The earliest use of an "as a wedge" phrase appears to be independent of the two above. It is "tight as a wedge". In "Rambles in the Mammoth Cave, during the Year 1844" by Alexander Clark Bullitt we have: "Halt, ahead there! I am stuck as tight as a wedge in a log!" (http://www.bookrags.com/ebooks/16220/24.html). And this sense seems to have survived too; in or about 1961, Robert Heinlein wrote (of one of his books): "... the story is now as tight as a wedge in a green stump ..." (http://www.heinleinsociety.org/rah/works/novels/strangervsstranger.html).
"Cold", then, originally in the (still extant) meaning of dead or unconscious, but now extended to other meanings. [The dog-eared dictionary on my desk has: "cold / n. ... 6 (a) dead. (b) colloq. unconscious. ..."] And "wedge" from the wedges used to split logs - 'cos anything hit that often and that hard couldn't be anything but dead.
You don't get a money-back guarantee with this explanation, it's just my best shot. (GC)