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Gender identity

Posted by ESC on July 10, 2006

Pioneer Sex Researcher Dies at 84
By BRIAN WITTE
Associated Press Writer

July 9, 2006, 6:46 PM EDT

BALTIMORE -- Dr. John Money, a psychologist and sex researcher who coined the terms "gender identity" and "gender role" and was a pioneer in studies of sexual identity, has died. He was 84.

Money died Friday at St. Joseph Medical Center in Towson, said Vivienne Stearns-Elliott, a hospital spokeswoman. Money's niece, Sally Hopkins, said Sunday her uncle died of complications from Parkinson's disease.

Money was born in New Zealand and immigrated to the United States in 1947. He conducted research for about 50 years at Johns Hopkins University, where he was a professor of medical psychology.

Money believed a person's gender identity was determined by an interaction between biological factors and upbringing. That represented a break from past thinking, in which gender identity was largely believed to be caused only by biological factors...