Posted by James Briggs on June 19, 2005
In Reply to: June 19th posted by David FG on June 19, 2005
: : : JUNETEENTH -- "Juneteenth is the oldest known celebration of the ending of slavery. From its Galveston, Texas origin in 1865, the observance of June 19th as the African American Emancipation Day has spread across the United States and beyond." http://www.juneteenth.com/ Accessed June 19, 2003.
: : : "What is Juneteenth? -- Juneteenth, or June 19, 1865, is considered the date when the last slaves in America were freed. Although the rumors of freedom were widespread prior to this, actual emancipation did not come until General Gordon Granger rode into Galveston, Texas and issued General Order No. 3, on June 19, almost two and a half years after President Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation." http://hosting.xigroup.com/juneteenth/info.html Accessed June 19, 2003.
: : Hey, that's tomorrow. Thanks, ESC, for the information. Now if only we could get rid of actual, as opposed to legalized, slavery in every country, including the U.S., we would really have something to cheer about. But I'm willing to keep Lincoln in the highest esteem, even of it were only for this one act. But it's not, of course. I have a mature lilac growing next to the back door, and every spring when it comes into bloom I think of Walt Whitman's "When lilacs last in the dooryard bloomed," with more than a little emotion. Washington may have been "first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen." But Lincoln is surely second, and deservedly so.
: : P.S. I don't wish to seem indifferent to our British friends by harping on our local history here. Please, friends across the water, feel free to pour your hearts out about your British heroes. SS
: DFG (Eireann go bragh.)
In Britain we were about 30 years ahead!
"After 1830 when the mood of the nation changed in favour of a variety of types of reform, the antislavery campaign gathered momentum. In 1833 Wilberforce's efforts were finally rewarded when the Abolition of Slavery Act was passed. Wilberforce, on his death-bed, was informed of the passing of the Act in the nick of time. The main terms of the Act were:
all slaves under the age of six were to be freed immediately
slaves over the age of six were to remain as part slave and part free for a further four years. In that time they would have to be paid a wage for the work they did in the quarter of the week when they were "free"
the government was to provide £20 million in compensation to the slave-owners who had lost their "property."
Sadly, we still have a lot of racial discrimination. However, the Church of England has just appointed its first ever black Archbishop, a Ugandan born former Ungandan High Court Judge wwho left his native country at the time of Idi Amin and went to theological college in the UK.