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Posted by R. Berg on June 07, 2003

In Reply to: Tipped posted by TheFallen on June 07, 2003

: : : : Hi folks,
: : : : could I ask you these questions?
: : : : 1.The policemen were called in the prison to put out a fire.
: : : : (i think we should use "called to" here. is it right?)

: : : : 2.what does "to collect waiting dollars" mean?

: : : : 3.a high-paying job, and a high-paid job, which one is right?

: : : : 4.what is an "attitude barrier"?

: : : : 5.Could you tell me, these 2 words "back" and "home" in the following sentence are of what parts of speech respectively?
: : : : Everyone back home will laugh at me if I leave China without seeing the Great Wall.

: : : : 6.Clapp had a handheld device that could reveal objects below. It showed ruins under the sand! He and his team started digging, trying not to get their hopes (to succeed) up.
: : : : (what does "get up" mean here?)

: : : : 7.In a few years, a computer will be able to teach you English and there will be no need for textbooks or teachers of English. Instead of buying an exciting new textbook, the computer will ask you to replace it with microprocessor one thousand nine hundred and eighty-four. Texas Instruments is now working on this.
: : : : (why the author writes "1984" here?)

: : : : 8.The US continued to depend more on technology to prevent fires. New
: : : : heaters and irons shut themselves off if they are tipped.
: : : : (what does tip mean?)

: : : : I would appreciate it enormously if you would help me!
: : : : Thank you for your attention.

: : : 1) The policemen were called TO the prison is correct, although more usually the fire brigade would be called to put out a fire.

: : : 2) Not sure. Waiting is also what waiters and waitresses do - they serve in restaurants, so maybe "waiting dollars" is payment for this.

: : : 3) In the UK, we'd either say "high paying" or more probably "highly paid".

: : : 4) I'd guess that an "attitude barrier" refers to a set of opinions that someone may hold which prevents them from understanding or doing something else.

: : : 5) This is a good question! I'd say that "back" is an adverb and "home" is an adjective, but a case can be made for "back" being an adjective and for "home" being a noun, or even for them both being adverbs. Other opinions please!

: : : 6) To get one's hopes up is a standard English idiom, meaning to become more hopeful. To "get up" in this sense means "to raise".

: : : 7) It's a humorous allusion to George Orwell's book "1984" that dealt with the domination and misleading of the masses by the ruling classes.

: : : 8) In the UK, we'd always say "tipped over", rather than just "tipped". It means "knocked over".

: : #5: "Back," adverb. "Home," adjective.
: : "Everyone back home" means "everyone who is back home," in which "home" is a predicate adjective and "back" modifies it.

: : #8: "Tipped" without "over" means "tilted," standing at an angle, out of a vertical position.

: Yes I can see that, though over here we'd not use "tipped" like that. I'm a bit baffled anyway as to how an iron can logically contain such a cut-off mechanism.

You'd have to ask the engineers. Maybe it involves a ratchet.